How To Discuss and Adjust Quotations in Academic and Scientific Writing

How To Discuss and Adjust Quotations in Academic and Scientific Writing
In most instances, the words of writers or speakers are directly quoted in academic and scientific writing because those words are exactly what the quoting author needs to support or discuss his or her new research. Occasionally, however, small adjustments are made to quotations. Alterations should never be undertaken to change the meaning of quoted material, and all changes should be kept to a bare minimum, but sometimes adjustments are necessary to clarify for readers the meaning of the source or to enable the quotation to run into the prose of the quoting author without creating grammatical errors.
Increase Your Chances of Getting Published
Although very small alterations such as changing a comma to a full stop or an uppercase letter to a lowercase one can be made in most instances without any special indicators, some disciplines and styles will require every change, no matter how tiny, to be marked, so do check the relevant guidelines or consult a mentor if you are unsure of the requirements. Anything beyond such small changes should always be marked so that readers know how a quotation has been altered. As a general rule, additions and alterations to quotations are enclosed in square brackets, not parentheses, while omissions are indicated by ellipses. For example, this is how changes would be recorded when quoting from the preceding sentence: ‘additions…to quotations are enclosed in square brackets, not [round brackets], while omissions are [usually] indicated by ellipses.’ Whether you are observing specific guidelines, using a particular style guide or devising your own methods of indicating changes in quotations, it is essential that those methods remain consistent throughout a document to avoid confusion.

Also essential to effective and persuasive quotation practices is ensuring that readers see exactly what you want them to see in a quotation and understand why you are using it in relation to your research and argument. It may seem obvious to you exactly how a passage you have chosen to quote relates to your research, but it is unlikely to be quite so obvious to others. It is neither acceptable nor sound scholarship simply to quote a passage and expect readers to understand its relevance and significance. Each quotation should therefore be appropriately introduced and its relationship to your argument discussed. Your discussion may be very brief – a single sentence, for instance, outlining the main points – or long and detailed, with several paragraphs of analysis and assessment following the quotation.

How you choose or need to discuss the passages you quote will vary from quotation to quotation along with your reasons for quoting, but the key is to ensure that every quotation you use in support of your argument actually achieves what you intend, and this can only be the case if your reader understands what you intend and is persuaded by the quotation and your discussion of it. Keep in mind that an effective quotation that is discussed with clarity and insight can be worth far more than its word count, but one that is used without the correct scholarly techniques and left standing on its own without appropriate introduction or explanation is likely to produce negative results.

Why Our Editing and Proofreading Services?
At Proof-Reading-Service.com we pride ourselves on our large and extremely dedicated team of academic and scientific professionals. Our proofreaders and editors are highly educated native speakers of English and their areas of specialisation range so widely that we are able to help our clients improve and perfect all kinds of research manuscripts for successful publication. Many members of our team work predominantly on articles intended for publication in scholarly journals, ensuring that formatting and references conform to author guidelines with precision and correcting grammar, punctuation, spelling and simple typing errors so that our customers are able to report their research in the clear and accurate ways required to impress acquisitions editors and earn publication.

Our editing services for authors of scientific papers and books are especially popular, but we have the experience and expertise to proofread and edit books in every scholarly discipline as well as beyond them, and some of our carefully trained proofreaders and editors work exclusively on helping students improve the formatting and language of their theses and dissertations. Whether you are preparing a conference paper for presentation or publicationpolishing a professional report to share with your colleagues, or tackling the daunting task of editing and perfecting any kind of academic or scientific document, a qualified member of our expert team can provide invaluable assistance and give you greater confidence in your written work. Our translation services for scientific and academic documents have also proven immensely helpful for many of our international clients.



topbanner errow