Adding a Bibliography and Supplementary Material
Although a bibliography may not be strictly necessary when full references are provided in footnotes or endnotes, a list of complete bibliographical references is normally required in a PhD thesis, regardless of the documentation system used. This list is usually entitled ‘Bibliography’ when it accompanies in-note references, as it is in the Chicago-style Notes and Bibliography method. Complete references in the bibliography include the full page ranges for chapters and articles, and differ slightly from the references in the notes in other ways as well, so the complete in-note reference I used as an example in Part III of this series on footnotes and endnotes would take this form in a Chicago-style bibliography (again, with italics on the titles of the book and the Tales):
Hardman, Phillipa. “Presenting the Text: Pictorial Tradition in Fifteenth-Century Manuscripts of the Canterbury Tales.” In Chaucer Illustrated: Five Hundred Years of the Canterbury Tales in Pictures, edited by William K. Finley and Joseph Rosenblum, 37–72. New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press, 2003.
References should be arranged alphabetically in the bibliography according to the surnames of authors, though bibliographies can be subdivided (into ‘Primary Sources’ and ‘Secondary Sources,’ for example) with an alphabetical arrangement used within each section.
When you are using an in-note style of documentation, the primary function of footnotes or endnotes is to provide bibliographical information on sources, but additional material of all kinds can also be included in the notes, making them a useful site for introducing, comparing and contrasting a wide variety of supplementary information. Commentary can be seamlessly blended with references to compare and contrast theories, evidence and results, speculate on ideas and interpretations presented in the main text and create a kind of secondary level of discussion that can enhance without confusing the central line of your argument. A footnote of this kind might read (with the shortened book titles in italic font):
1 The quotation is from McSparran and Robinson, CUL MS Ff.2.38, xvii. Eddy, Marginal Annotation (forthcoming), suggests that London, Lambeth Palace MS 491 (another romance MS: see Guddat-Figge, MSS Containing Middle English Romances, 226–228) may also ‘have been used primarily by juvenile readers’ (personal communication July 2010).
The kind of supplementary material included in footnotes or endnotes varies markedly from thesis to thesis, but, generally speaking, information that is closely related to the discussion in the main text of your thesis, but that might be excessively long or distracting if presented there should be placed in the notes.
Why Our Editing and Proofreading Services?
At Proof-Reading-Service.com we offer the highest quality journal article editing, phd thesis editing and proofreading services via our large and extremely dedicated team of academic and scientific professionals. All of our proofreaders are native speakers of English who have earned their own postgraduate degrees, and their areas of specialisation cover such a wide range of disciplines that we are able to help our international clientele with research editing to improve and perfect all kinds of academic manuscripts for successful publication. Many of the carefully trained members of our expert editing and proofreading team work predominantly on articles intended for publication in scholarly journals, applying painstaking journal editing standards to ensure that the references and formatting used in each paper are in conformity with the journal’s instructions for authors and to correct any grammar, spelling, punctuation or simple typing errors. In this way, we enable our clients to report their research in the clear and accurate ways required to impress acquisitions proofreaders and achieve publication.
Our scientific proofreading services for the authors of a wide variety of scientific journal papers are especially popular, but we also offer manuscript proofreading services and have the experience and expertise to proofread and edit manuscripts in all scholarly disciplines, as well as beyond them. We have team members who specialise in medical proofreading services, and some of our experts dedicate their time exclusively to PhD proofreading and master’s proofreading, offering research students the opportunity to improve their use of formatting and language through the most exacting PhD thesis editing and dissertation proofreading practices. Whether you are preparing a conference paper for presentation, polishing a progress report to share with colleagues, or facing the daunting task of editing and perfecting any kind of scholarly document for publication, a qualified member of our professional team can provide invaluable assistance and give you greater confidence in your written work.
If you are in the process of preparing an article for an academic or scientific journal, or planning one for the near future, you may well be interested in a new book, Guide to Journal Publication, which is available on our Tips and Advice on Publishing Research in Journals website.