11 PRS Proofreading and Editing Service PhD Experts • All Academic Areas • Fast Turnaround • High Quality intentions and results – what we plan to do opposed to what our writing actually does – can, as any researcher knows, be very different things at times, and there is no substitute for having someone who understands exactly what you’re writing about and knows exactly what’s expected in your field read and comment on your work. Your academic supervisor or advisor is the ideal person to provide guidance as you work at achieving your first publication, but any senior scholar (ideally one who has successfully published) in your area will suffice, and fellow students can be very helpful readers as well. 1.4 minimum Publishable Units There is incredible pressure on modern academics and scientists to publish frequently in order to receive promotions, grants and salary increases, so there is also an enormous temptation to cut projects, studies and articles up into smaller units in order to squeeze more publications out of the same amount of work. There are certain types of paper which might, in comparison with a full research article, be considered partial studies: a study protocol in which a project is simply described, for instance, and a literature review which aims to outline what has been published on a topic to date. For most academic and scientific papers, however, and certainly for the kind of original research paper that tends to establish a scholar as an authority, providing a minimum publishable unit is required. By a minimum publishable unit I mean a complete study – one that contains and explains the three elements (original research, significant results and a meaningful argument) discussed in this Chapter. A short paper can represent a minimum publishable unit PARt I: wHAt to PUBlIsH And wHeRe to PUBlIsH It